Maarten Maartensz:    Philosophical Dictionary | Filosofisch Woordenboek                      

 C - Communism


Communism: Social ideal according to which all members of a community share everything, and 'each contributes according to his ability, and each receives according to his needs'.

The ideal of communism may be as old as mankind - "if only the rich were willing to share fairly with us poor people" - but like many ideals it is impracticable because it does not conform to human nature, at least as this is on average. (See: Wishful thinking).

Wherever serious experiments have been made with communism - interestingly, notably in small religious or socialist communities in the United States - these experiments rapidly failed, because the majority was far more prone to receive than to contribute.


See also: Anarchism, Marxism, Property - in society, Wishful thinking


Marx, Mosca

 Original: May 22, 2005                                                Last edited: 12 December 2011.   Top