Maarten Maartensz:    Philosophical Dictionary | Filosofisch Woordenboek                      

 M - Metaphysics


Metaphysics: The study of the most fundamental questions, in particular what there is (ontology), what is knowledge (epistemology), and what one should do (ethics)/(morals).

The term metaphysics arose by accident, in that Aristotle wrote a text on what he called "primary philosophy", which was placed by his editors after a text on physics, and "after" in Greek is "meta".

The reason the stated questions are fundamental is that some sort of answer to these questions are presupposed in anything a human being does or thinks consciously, even if he is not aware of this, or doesn't care whether this is so.


See: Minimal metaphysics, Philosophy


Aristotle, Edwards, Hawkins, Klaus & Kuntz, Russell, Toraldo, Stegmüller,

 Original: Sep 16, 2004                                                Last edited: 12 December 2011.   Top