Maarten Maartensz:    Philosophical Dictionary | Filosofisch Woordenboek                      

 L  - Logic

Logic: Science of reasoning.

Here is a fairly rapid and clear - I hope - introduction to standard logic using lemmas in the Philosophical Dictionary:

There is very much more to logic. One set-back for those interested in it qua  science of reasoning - such as psychologists, lawyers, philosophers - is that much of modern logic looks mathematical, and considerable parts are quite technical.

This mostly cannot be helped, in as much as mathematical notations and/or mathematical methods are extra-ordinarily helpful, if only to abbreviate in a clear way patterns and schemas of reasoning that would be difficult to treat as clearly, precisely and fully in other ways.

And the basics of Propositional Logic, First Order Logic, and Set Theory should be known to anyone with a serious intererst in philosophy (or mathematics or indeed science).


See also:  Basic Logic, Classical Propositional Logic, Entailment, Extended Propositional Logic, First Order Logic, Inference, Higher Order Logic, Logic Notation, Logical terms, Mathematical Logic, Modal Logic, Natural Deduction, Propositional Logic, Rules of Inference

Literature: Logic Books

Adams, Beth, Bernays, Bochenski, Boole, Boolos, Boolos & Jeffrey, Benaceraff & Putnam, Carnap, Cartwright, Curry, Gentzen, Hamilton, Hasenjäger, Hilbert & Bernays, Gödel, Grize, Hodges, Hooker, Kneale, C.I. Lewis, D. Lewis, Mal'cev, Montague, Naimark, Quine, Schütte, Shoenfield, Slupecki & Borkowski, Smullyan, Sneed, Stegmüller, Stoll, Tarski, Tennant, Waerden, Wang, Weinberg, Whitehead & Russell, Zinoviev

 Original: Sep 12, 2005                                                Last edited: 12 December 2011.   Top