inference in an argument, that
usually was to be inferred somehow.
Note that conclusions
outside logic may be defined in the same way, with the difference that
outside logic it may be difficult to say what were the rules of
inference that were used to infer the conclusion, and also may be
difficult to say whether the inferred conclusion does follow
validly or plausibly given what was
Another term for conclusion in logic is consequence, and there
have been developed many logical systems for inferring consequences and
thinking about the properties of consequences.
It should also be argued that the conclusions lawyers
argue as a rule have much less to do with logical
validity than with
existing jurisprudence (case law), and that conclusions in rhetorics
need not at all to follow validly in logic, since all that is sufficient
for a rhetorically valid conclusion is that it seems plausible or
convincing to some public.