1. James Baldwin and the Meaning of Whiteness
2. Why the Great Writer James Baldwin's Insights About America
Are More Relevant Than Ever
3. Greenwald: Democrats Seem to Consider Snowden's &
Manning's Leaks Evil & Leaks Under Trump Heroic
4. John McCain on Trump: Suppressing Free Press Is 'How
Dictators Get Started'
5. Trump’s Most Shameful Act So Far
This is a Nederlog of Monday, February 20, 2017.
a crisis log with 5 files and 5 dotted links: Item 1 is about a quite interesting article by Chris Hedges, in part about James Baldwin and about (American) racism; item 2 is also about James Baldwin; item 3 is about an interview with Glenn Greenwald about the Democratic Party and leaks; item 4 is about John McCain and Trump; and item 5 is about an article by Robert Reich about Trump.
Incidentally, this Nederlog was - again - written while I am quite tired because
I didn't sleep enough because I have pain. Ah well - see ME/CFS and also Note  below.
As for today
(February 20, 2017): I have changed my site on February 1, 2017 to make
that it might be read,
because it now happened for most
of last year that both of my sites are not uploaded
James Baldwin and the Meaning of Whiteness
On xs4all.nl it may be days, weeks or months
behind to show the proper
last date and the proper last files (in the last 4 years always
date it was that day), and it was this morning correct
again (but yesterday it was not);
one.com it may be shown
December 31, 2015
often was!!!) and was also correct this morning but also not yesterday; and
indeed I am sick of being systematically made
unreadable and therefore changed
the site to allow most readers to find it more easily.
For more explanations, see here - and no:
with two different sites in two different countries
with two different providers,
where this has been
happening for a year (and not
for over 20 and over 12 years
before) now I'm absolutely certain that
this happens and that it's not due to me.
Incidentally, if you reached February 1, 2017
on one of
my sites you are in the new set-up and from there you can
find the latest Nederlog, and all others from there.
The first item today is by Chris Hedges on Truthdig:
This starts as follows:
Raoul Peck’s “I Am Not Your Negro”
is one of the finest documentaries I have ever seen—I would have stayed
in the theater in New York to see the film again if the next showing
had not been sold out. The newly released film powerfully illustrates,
through James Baldwin’s prophetic work, that the insanity now gripping
the United States is an inevitable consequence of white Americans’
steadfast failure to confront where they came from, who they are and the
lies and myths they use to mask past and present crimes. Baldwin’s only
equal as a 20th century essayist is George Orwell. If you have not read
Baldwin you probably do not fully understand America. Especially now.
It seems indeed - see also item 2
- that this is a very good film, that was finished before Trump became
president, and has just been released. I haven't seen it, but
I do trust Chris Hedges.
Next, a little bit about James Baldwin and myself. I am Dutch and not American,
but my Dutch background is rather abnormal: Both my father and my mother were
Marxists foir 45 years, starting in 1935 and in WW II respectively, and they were intelligent, sincere and very honest persons.
They were also much more heavily
influenced by their experiences in WW II - my mother was not arrested,
but both my father and his father were arrested in June of 1941 and
convicted by Dutch Nazi-collaborating judges as "political terrorists"
to concentration camp imprisonment, which my father managed to
survive, for 3 years, 9 months and 15 days, but my grandfather did not
- than they thought they did, and certainly until around 1970, when I also completely gave up Marxism and communism, while I was 20, in 1970. 
But I never quarreled with them about it, for I liked them a lot, and indeed also always remained a real leftist , but not a Marxist.
As to James Baldwin
(<- Wkipedia): I read at least one book by him and quite possibly
two, but I am not certain, for this was in the 1960ies, and I read them
in Dutch translation. I grant I was not much impressed by him, but this
probably had to do with the translation and also with the fact that at
that time I was a bit more radical than Baldwin was.
And I do not know whether "Baldwin’s only
equal as a 20th century essayist is George Orwell", and of Orwell (<-Wikipedia) I read absolutely everything except two of his early novels. I agree Orwell was a great journalistic writer - read his Collected Essays and Journalism, especially! - and I must say I doubt somewhat whether Baldwin was his equal (for Orwell was very good), but indeed I simply do not
know enough to say he wasn't Orwell's equal. (And my doubt is simply
based on my admiration for Orwell, who was a great writer with a very
fine mind, and there simply are very few like him.)
Finally, as to my understanding of America. I think I do
understand America better than most non-Americans, but I admit I have
never been there (I am ill since 38 years and always was very poor, at
least for a Dutchman, for I absolutely never, not in all the 66 years I am living now, got even the minimal amount of money every fine Dutchman receives. ).
Then again I have been reading a great amount about the USA for 50 years
now and I am a real intellectual with excellent academic degrees in
philosophy and psychology, and a quite considerable knowledge of politics.
Now back to Hedges and Baldwin:
History “is not the past,” the film quotes Baldwin as saying.
“History is the present. We carry our history with us. To think
otherwise is criminal.”
The script is taken from Baldwin’s notes, essays, interviews and
letters, with some of the words delivered in Baldwin’s voice from audio
recordings and televised footage, some of them in readings by actor
Samuel L. Jackson. But it is not, finally, the poetry and lyricism of
Baldwin that make the film so moving. It is Peck’s understanding of the
core of Baldwin’s message to the white race, a message that is vital to
grasp as we struggle with an overt racist as president, mass
incarceration, poverty gripping half the country and militarized police
murdering unarmed black men and women in the streets of our cities.
I am quite willing to believe it, but I had no American education. I am white, but I am definitely not a racist and never was, indeed not so much because I am Dutch, though
racism against blacks was not a problem in Holland while I grew up, but because of my personal background: My parents were not racists either, and strongly despised it, and I always agreed with them about this (and rather a lot more, though indeed not
But Chris Hedges is an American, and he writes:
I think I quite agree, but indeed somewhat from a distance, being Dutch and living in Holland since 1977.  And the distance is important, for I simply saw much less racism than all native Americans do and did see.
Whiteness is a dangerous concept. It is not about skin color. It is
not even about race. It is about the willful blindness used to justify
white supremacy. It is about using moral rhetoric to defend
exploitation, racism, mass murder, reigns of terror and the crimes of
“The American Negro has the great advantage of having never believed
the collection of myths to which white Americans cling: that their
ancestors were all freedom-loving heroes, that they were born in the
greatest country the world has ever seen, or that Americans are
invincible in battle and wise in peace, that Americans have always dealt
honorably with Mexicans and Indians and all other neighbors or
inferiors, that American men are the world’s most direct and virile,
that American women are pure,” Baldwin wrote.
Then there is this:
America was founded on the genocidal slaughter of indigenous people and
the holocaust of slavery. It was also founded on an imagined moral
superiority and purity.
I agree, although the Holocaust was the real and intentional murder
of around 6 million Jews in a few years of Nazism, and I also think the
Jews in concentration camps and destruction camps were treated worse than most negroes who lived in slavery (which also was very cruel and most unjust, but the black slaves were not intentionally exterminated as a race, and had some economical value for their owners).
Then there is this:
Nearly all African-Americans carry within them white blood, usually the
result of white rape. White slaveholders routinely sold mixed-race
children—their own children—into slavery.
Yes, I guess that is correct, and indeed you can read about this by reading the biographies of Frederick Douglass (<-Wikipedia), who was a very impressive and very
intelligent man, and was the child of his white slave-owning father and
a black woman (and was probably born 199 years ago this year, in
This is quoted from the Wikipedia on Douglass:
Douglass was a firm believer in the equality of all peoples, whether black, female, Native American, or recent immigrant.
He was also a believer in dialogue and in making alliances across
racial and ideological divides, and in the liberal values of the
American Constitution. When radical abolitionists, under the motto "No
Union With Slaveholders", criticized Douglass' willingness to dialogue
with slave owners, he famously replied: "I would unite with anybody to
do right and with nobody to do wrong."
Back to Hedges and Baldwin. Here is the end of Hedges article:
The true credo of the white race is we have everything, and if you try to take any of it from us we will kill you.
This is the essential meaning of whiteness. As the white race turns on
itself in an age of diminishing resources it is in the vital interest of
the white underclass to understand what its elites and its empire are
actually about. These lies, Baldwin warned, will ultimately have fatal
consequences for America.
“There are days, this is one of them, when you wonder what your role
is in this country and what your future is in it,” Baldwin said. “How
precisely you’re going to reconcile yourself to your situation here and
how you are going to communicate to the vast, heedless, unthinking,
cruel white majority that you are here. I’m terrified at the moral
apathy—the death of the heart—which is happening in my country. These
people have deluded themselves for so long that they really don’t think I’m human.”
I agree, and the quotation of Baldwin is indeed very good. This is a recomended article. Also, here is more on Baldwin:
2. Why the Great Writer James Baldwin's Insights About America Are More Relevant Than Ever
The second item is by Sophia A. McClennen on AlterNet:
First why I
selected this: Because of Chris Hedges article in item 1, and because,
while I certainly read one book by James Baldwin, and probably two, I
simply do not know much about him.
This starts as follows (and I know I don't quite agree with Sophia A. McClennen - see here - but this does not matter much here and now):
As Time reported shortly
after the elections, Trump has been “choosing people who have shown
hate toward immigrants, people of color, Muslims, LGBTQ people and
women. And he’s giving them a huge amount of power to act on that hate.”
Today racism is running rampant in the White House, as evidenced in the ideologies of several Trump senior advisers, but also, as Matthew Rozsa has reported for Salon, the behavior of his staffers.
Yes, I think that is correct, though I
also think - see here - that Trump will probably say that He Is The
Most Anti-Racist Person Ever (for he said so
about Semitism: "He Is The Most Anti-Semitic Person" (capitals added by
me) that a Jew he discriminated had "Ever Met" (according to Trump).
Here is Sophia McClennen's judgement of Raoul Peck's film:
But if there is one film on
the list of nominees that should be required viewing in the Trump era,
it is Raoul Peck’s “I Am Not Your Negro.”
A. O. Scott’s review of the film explained
that there’s no better movie for pondering the question “is everything
about race?” The film combines lyric beauty and brute reality as it
forces viewers to confront the uncomfortable history of U.S. race
relations and the structural inequalities that still persist in America.
I am quite willing to believe it, though mostly because of Chris Hedges' item 1.
Then there is this on Baldwin:
As Andrew O’Hehir wrote in Salon,
Baldwin was a unique voice: He was a “brilliant, exasperating and
endlessly erudite black writer who belongs on any short list of the most
important American intellectuals of the 20th century.”
refused to fit into preconceived molds. He didn’t hate white people and
he rejected the racial politics of the Black Panthers and the Black
Muslim movements. He wasn’t a member of the NAACP because he associated
it with the black upper class. He also focused close attention on the
role of capitalism in racial inequality. As he put it, “White is a
metaphor for power and it is simply a way for describing Chase Manhattan
I say - and I agree with Baldwin. Here is more by him:
Yes, I think that is all quite correct. Here is the end of this article:
“What white people have to do, is try and find out in their own
hearts why it was necessary to have a nigger in the first place because
I’m not a nigger. I’m a man, but if you think I’m a nigger, it means you
need it,” Baldwin says. “If I’m not a nigger here and you invented him —
you, the white people, invented him — then you’ve got to find out why.
And the future of the country depends on that, whether or not it’s able
to ask that question.”
That was in 1963. When Peck started
researching his film nearly 10 years ago, he realized that America still
had not been able to answer that question.
What perhaps makes “I Am Not Your Negro” so powerful is the way that it
combines a sense of urgency with a sense of wonder. There is so much
beauty in this film about a reality that is so terribly ugly. The film
is raw and sensitive, brutally honest and visually stunning. It doesn’t
let you look away, but it doesn’t leave you desperate, either.
“I Am Not Your Negro” is currently showing in theaters across the nation.
I recommend you see that film and I will certainly read more by James Baldwin.
3. Greenwald: Democrats Seem to Consider Snowden's & Manning's Leaks Evil & Leaks Under Trump Heroic
The third item is by Nermeen Shaikh on Democracy Now!:
This starts with the following introduction:
Over four years ago, NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden warned that he or other NSA
analysts could spy on anyone, even the U.S. president. "I, sitting at
my desk, certainly had the authorities to wiretap anyone, from you or
your accountant to a federal judge, to even the president, if I had a
personal email," Snowden said in an interview with Glenn Greenwald in
Hong Kong. We talk to Greenwald about the difference between how
Washington reacted to Snowden’s leaks and today’s leaks about Gen.
Yes indeed - and precisely these words by Snowden also made a deep impression on me, and indeed caused me to write as much in the crisis series since 2013 as I did.
Here is more, that likewise influenced me a lot since 2013 (for I wrote since then almost only about the crisis):
NERMEEN SHAIKH: Well, Glenn, I want to turn to something NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden said to you nearly three years ago, when he first spoke out against NSA abuses.
Any analyst at any time can target anyone, any selector anywhere. Where
those communications will be picked up depends on the range of the
sensor networks and the authorities that that analyst is empowered with.
Not all analysts have the ability to target everything. But I, sitting
at my desk, certainly had the authorities to wiretap anyone, from you or
your accountant to a federal judge, to even the president, if I had a
So, Glenn, can you talk about that and the response that was received
to the leaks of Edward Snowden compared to now, the leaks of
intelligence officials now?
And here is Glenn Greenwald:
GLENN GREENWALD: (..) What this reveals is something very important, which is, when the Edward
Snowden story first broke and the debate around the world was
triggered, the U.S. government kept saying over and over, "If you’re an
American citizen, we can’t listen in on your calls unless we first get a
warrant from the court, and therefore there’s nothing you have to worry
about." Now, that was a very warped sort of thing to say, because that
meant that for 95 percent of the world who are called non-Americans,
what the government was saying: "Oh, for you, you have no protections.
We can listen in on your calls at any time without getting a judge to
approve," which is actually true.
Precisely! And here is more:
But the broader and more important point is that what the U.S.
government was saying was actually completely false. The U.S. government
constantly eavesdrops on the telephone calls of American citizens
without getting a warrant of any kind (...)
Yes indeed, and I should add that Greenwald continues the above quote as follows:
(...) as long as they’re talking to someone outside of the United States who the government says they’re targeting.
This is in the context of Obama's 2008
support for the NSA. I must say that I now believe, and indeed since
2013, that the NSA simply picks up everything from all Americans, just as they pick up everything from all non-Americans like myself ,
but I grant this is an assumption of mine (and very few people outside the NSA know what the NSA really does, because they are very well shielded and quite secret).
Here is the last bit that I quote from this interview, about Chelsea Manning (<-Wkipedia) and the Democratic Party:
GLENN GREENWALD: Chelsea Manning just spent seven years in prison under harsh conditions
for leaking information way less sensitive than what these leakers about
General Flynn just leaked. And, yes, President Obama commuted her
sentence, but only after his administration imprisoned her, under
conditions that the U.N. said was basically torture, and kept her in
prison for seven years, even though there was no harm demonstrated from
anything she leaked. So what Democrats seem to think is, leaks under
President Obama, even if they show that high-level officials are lying,
as Edward Snowden showed James Clapper was, are evil, are criminal, and
the whistleblowers should be thrown in jail; leaks under President
Trump, by contrast, are heroic and noble, and we should celebrate the
people who are doing it and oppose any effort to hunt them down and
investigate them and find them and punish them, as President Trump is
vowing to do. The reality is that whistleblowers are a very valuable
part of our democracy. They should be cherished and heralded and
protected, regardless of which party controls the White House.
Quite so. And this is a recommended article, in which there is considerably more than I quoted.
4. John McCain on Trump: Suppressing Free Press Is 'How Dictators Get Started'
The fourth item is by Alan Yuhas on AlterNet and originally on The Guardian:
This starts as follows:
Senator John McCain has warned that
suppression of a free press is “how dictators get started," criticizing
Donald Trump’s "continued declaration."
hate the press,” McCain told NBC’s Meet the Press in an interview,
taped at a security conference with European leaders in Munich.. “But
the fact is we need you. We need a free press. We must have it.”
very serious now, if you want to preserve democracy as we know it, you
have to have a free and many times adversarial press,” he continued.
“Without it, I am afraid that we would lose so much of our individual
liberties over time. That’s how dictators get started.”
I say - and I entirely agree with John McCain. Here is more about McCain and Trump:
The Republican party’s presidential nominee in 2008, McCain has
repeatedly criticized Trump’s ideas as a candidate and now as president.
The interview, broadcast Sunday, was taped not long after the president
tweeted on Friday night that he considered the media “the enemy of the
On Saturday, Trump went further at a
campaign-style rally in Melbourne, Florida. “When the media lies to
people, I will never, ever let them get away with it,” he told fans.
Here is my translation of Trump's lies: "When the media tells the truth to people, I and my government will try to destroy them."
Finally, here is Bernie Sanders, with a link added by me:
Also on Saturday, the progressive senator Bernie Sanders warned:
“According to Trump, if you want the truth, ignore everything except
what he is saying. That’s what totalitarianism is all about.”
Quite so. And this is a recommended article.
5. Trump’s Most Shameful Act So Far
This starts as follows:
The fifth and last item today is by Robert Reich on Truthdig and originally on RobertReich.org:
Last week, White House Senior Advisor Stephen
Miller claimed 14 percent of non-citizens are
registered to vote. “We know for a fact, you have massive numbers of
non-citizens registered to vote in this country,” he said, appearing on ABC’s This Week With
George Stephanopoulos. “The White House has provided enormous evidence with respect
to voter fraud.”
Miller is repeating an assertion Trump continues to make.
It is absolutely false.
What do we do when we have a president and
White House surrogates, along with enablers in the right-wing media, who
continuously lie about something as fundamental to our democracy as whether we’ve
got massive voter fraud?
The answer is we find the truth. We spread the
truth. We continue to speak the truth. And we use every chance we have – in
opeds, in letters to editors, in local media, on national media – to state the
And we demand that big lies like this be
I quite agree. Here is more (and see this on Trump, by three professors of psychiatry):
Trump’s false assertion of massive voting fraud
is intended for one purpose: to legitimate more voter identification laws around the country.
Voter identification laws are already spreading
rapidly. Before 2006, no state required photo identification to vote on
Election Day. Now, 10 states have this requirement. All told, a total of 33
states — representing more than half the nation’s population — have some
version of voter identification rules on the books.
The purpose of these laws is to further entrench Republican officials.
Yes, precisely. Here is the last bit I quote of this article:
The research also shows that because minority
voters tend to be Democrats, strict voter ID laws tilt the primary electorate
dramatically. The turnout gap between Republicans and Democrats in primary
contests more than doubles from 4.3 points to 9.8 points.
truth: There’s no voter fraud. State ID laws intended to stop voter
fraud are really intended to stop Democrats from voting – and that’s
been their effect.
One of the most important common goods in our
the truth about our democracy. Trump is pulverizing that truth – laying
the groundwork for more state restrictions on access to the ballot by
This is beyond
Indeed, and I think it is intentional neofascism as I
defined this: Check it out if you disbelieve this (and it would have
been worth quite a lot to me if I could have regarded Trump otherwise,
but I know a great amount about politics; I defined "neofascism" before knowing more than very little about Trump; and my definition of it seems quite good).
Ah well. And this is a recommended article.
 It so happens that I am very proud of my parents, and indeed do not and never did mind that they were - intelligent and honest - Marxists/communists.
I also inisist that they were quite mistaken, but I know they were very
honest, suffered a very great amount in WW II, and were in no position
to study, as I was, simply because they both had to start working aged
15. (Besides, it simply is a fact that the vast majority of mankind is mistaken about both politics and religion.)
And my father did have "post-traumatic stress disorder" (see George Carlin!), which I believe he managed quite well (and certainly a lot
better than some others I have known), which is one reason why I never
told my parents about being called "a fascist" and "a terrorist" by the
20-year olds quasi-communists from the mostly communist
student-party the ASVA, which shared the absolute power over the
University of Amsterdam (UvA) between 1971 and 1995.
For - completely unique in the world - the UvA was ruled from 1972 till 1995 by a "parliament" both on university-level and faculty-level, that was elected every
year by "1 man = 1 vote" (professors, lecturers, students, secretaries
and toilet-cleaners: all had 1 vote) because the university was given
"to the students" in 1971 (after an occupation of the main building of
the university in 1969, which came again a year after the student revolution in France (<-Wikipedia(, which almost succeeded).
This enormously politicized all the "education" provided by the UvA these years. And no: Virtually all professors (though not all) kept silent: They earned too much to speak out (and most also lacked the courage, the morals and the principles to protest).
 My parents were real leftists and Marxists. I am a real leftist and not a Marxist (since 1970). Nearly all students I met in the UvA pretended to be "leftists" or "Marxists", and many - especially in the faculty of philosophy, where I studied - were members of the Dutch Communist Party - but disclosed that only in 1991, after
the collapse of the Soviet Union (for these Stalinist terrorists were o
so very honest, o so very noble, and o so very courageous, all according to themselves).
They were "leftists" because very few knew much about politics (most had read the Communist Manifesto, I guess, but little else by Marx) and their "leftism" consisted mostly of (1) political correctness: They very much insisted on discriminating everyone who did not talk in the words they considered correct (and again see George Carlin!), (2) identity-politics: They much disagreed with considering people as individuals, and judged everyone according to the groups they were (or were claimed to be) a member of, and (3) - after 1983 - they very much insisted on postmodernism and the - utterly false - thesis that "everyone knows that truth does not exist".
In my eyes all three points are totalitarian and rightist, but it is true that much of the "left" in Holland still insists on political correctness and identity-politics (in 2017!), while most also do not really believe in truth, though postmodernism was criticized too much to be waved like a banner nowadays.
O, a last remark about my communist father: He was knighted in 1980, three months before he died, because of his designing and mostly also making the National Exhibition On World War II, Resistance And Concentration Camps.
I believe he was the only communist who was knighted - Knight in the Order of Oranje-Nassau - before 1991, when the Dutch Communist Party ceased to be, because I do not know of any other communist who was knighted in or before 1980. (A very few did get medals because of courage before 1980, but no knighthoods I know of.)
(Since there were many brave communists in the Dutch resistance in WW II who all were not knighted because
they were communists - "traitors", as many Dutch said - I think this
might have been a mistake by the queen, who had met my father at least
twice, and in the context of the National Exhibition).
 I have ME/CFS since January 1, 1979, and my ex since January 10, 1979, which started in our cases as Epstein-Barr "that never went away", now for the thirty-eight (38th) year.
For those who are interested, very recently - and at looooooong last, for all medical research into ME/CFS has been systematically opposed by psychiatrists since 1980 - there have been around five medical and biochemical studies about ME/CFS that found many differences between people with ME/CFS and healthy persons, and that also, again at looooong last, provide at least the beginning of a genuine medical and biochemical understanding of my disease.
In case you are interested, here are two easily understood brief articles in the New Scientist: (1) Metabolic switch may bring on chronic fatigue syndrome and (2) Antibody wipeout found to relieve chronic fatigue syndrome.
As to my income: I never worked
full days (except for 1 year while I was 17, and then I earned less
than the minimal income because I wasn't 21) until I was 24 (because I
preferred to study: I made enough to live, but actually less
than the dole); from 25 till 27 I did not earn anything (but lived in
Norway and helped my ex who was a journalist); from 1977 till 1984 I
got a study-loan which again was less than the dole; from 1984 till 2015 I got dole, which was considerably less than the minimum income even the most stupid and uneducated get in Holland; and from 2015 till now I have a minimal pension of some 80 euroos a month less than the minimal pension "because you lived nearly three years in Norway".
Therefore all in all I got less money in the last 51+ years than any other Dutchman (I suppose, but this is a very reasonable supposition).
 Which this day is 40 years - which were by far the most horrible years in my life (for until 1979 I did have ten quite good and quite happy and quite healthy if financially very
poor years, in which I also lived - successively - with four women, one
English, one American, one Norwegian and one Dutch, and in part in
England and in part in Norway).
My Dutch years were not only horrible because of ME/CFS but also because of extremely much discrimination, including being gassed (literally: I almost died) in 1988 by the illegal drugsdealers that the mayor of Amsterdam, Ed van Thijn, had given his "personal permission" to deal in illegal drugs (marijuana and hashish) from the bottom floor of the house where I lived) and being kept awake for four years
by incredible amounts of noise from these dealers and three cafés with
terraces open till 1 o'clock in the night on a distance of within 15 to
25 meters from the house where I lived.
This is all described - in detail - in excellent Dutch in ME in Amsterdam.
 For I am - like every non-American - totally serveyable in everything I write on my computer and everything I say on my telephone. For me that is the beginning of possibly centuries of neofascism, that is, if we are not all blown up by a nuclear war thanks to Donald Trump. (Yes, I am not optimistic - which assures that I might get some pleasant surprises. I am not,
because my father survived over 3 years and 9 months as a prisoner in
German concentration camps in WW II, and because my grandfather was
murdered in a German concentration camp, both for resisting the Nazis. Also, I got 5 - quite credible - murder threats by the drugsdealers between 1988 and 1991, but no one did anything about it, for they were protected by the mayor of Amsterdam.)